For the Centennial of the Great War 1914-1918, the three-part exhibit presents the changes in French and German monetary systems generated by World War I, in particular:
1. The disappearance of gold from circulation and the communication about its surrender to the State
2. The development of emergency currency (especially paper) and its uses
3. German war paper currency art
Currency or the third front during the Great War
First, there were two front during the Great War: the first was a bloody, military front, held by soldiers in the trenches, on the sea and in the air. The second was a laborious front, or behind the lines, held by miners, workers and farmers. During this war of positions and attrition, the first front protected the second who enabled the first to hold out against the enemy. However, neither of the two fronts could have resisted if the third had not been set up, even before the start of the War: a monetary front!
The exhibit hopes to explain this key period in modern monetary history that is particularly characterised by the gradual demonetization of gold then silver and the increasing use of paper money (and postal checks) through its exceptional collection and documents from archives on loan from partner institutions. The monetary mobilization of an army of savings, to quote the saying from that period! In addition, the exhibit shed light on productions from across the Rhine from the same era, that we can easily call...unusual!
An exhibit thanks to Museum’s inventory
Since 2002, French museums are legally required to verify collections every decade. The verification process ensures that collections are conform to content listed on inventories. The 11 Conti Museum - labelled "Musée de France" - must comply with the regulation and has already verified over 120.000 objects. Although stringent, the verification process is also an occasion for conservatory teams to review all of the collections.
During the operation, the outstanding significance of the collection of paper money at the Monnaie de Paris (26.150 items) became obvious, particularly the large amount of items from the period between 1880 and 1930. This exhibit is the result of museum inventory and it intends to highlight the monetary changes that took place during the war 1914-1918. Or when objects speak for themselves about their time and the daily life of citizens.
|Exhibition leaflet EN | pdf||591 Ko|
Gadoury, professional numismatist since 1973.
The publishing house Gadoury was born in 1972. Its founder, Victor Gadoury, was part of a Canadian regiment stationed in Germany. After his military leave, he decided to stay in Germany and settled there as a numismatist. In 1973, Victor Gadoury published the first edition of “Monnaies Françaises”, a book that lists and classifies all the French coins from 1789 until today. This book has been edited every two years ever since, and its 23th edition was released in 2017. Today, the publishing house Gadoury is a member of some of the important numismatist associations.
News from our partners
News from our partners